Mimoň – Boseň 1866 Battle Educational and Cycle Trail

This educational trail takes visitors through the Mnichovo Hradiště Region of the Bohemian Paradise Nature Conservation Area, allowing them to experience the beauty of Nature and to recall the ancient history of the Czech Republic. The educational trail leads from the Mimoň–Kuřívody turnoff via Osečná – Ševčín – Klášter Hradiště nad Jizerou – Mnichovo Hradiště to Boseň and is dedicated to events during the 1866 Austro-Prussian War.

Number of stations: 11
Length: 34 km
Duration: 7 to 8 hours 

The circular trail starts in Mimoň at the Boží hrob (Holy Sepulchre) compound and ends in the Boseň area. A parking lot is situated below Valečov Castle. The Mimoň – Boseň main trail is 34 km long, the Mimoň – Osečná turnoff is 20 km long and the Osečná – Mnichovo Hradiště section is 28.5 km long. The trail leads along roads with hiking signs and bike paths or along dirt roads. The educational trail guides visitors to the major sites of the 1866 battles. The trail follows the sequence of historical events from the conflict at Kuřívody on 26th June  1866 and the second conflict at Český Dub on the same day, to the battle at Mnichovo Hradiště on 28th June 1866.

The entire trail has 11 educational panels which connect the Mimoň – Boseň section with the already existing trail through the Jičín battlefield. Visitors learn about the causes, course and consequences of the 1866 Austro-Prussian War. Individual stations are primarily focused on the events of the battles themselves, describing events in the villages on the battlefield, and providing information on the weapons, equipment and tactics of the individual armies. In addition, visitors have the opportunity of becoming familiar with important figures in the 1866 war, as well as with the celebrities that have taken care of the monuments since 1866.

The Austro-Prussian War and subsequent Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871 established a new political balance in a large part of Europe for a long time and had a great influence on world history, as centres of war were relocated to the Balkans and colonies. The 1866 war  was fatefully significant to Austria itself, which lost its exclusive position of power in Central Europe. Further revisions to its political system were enforced, as well as a radical decision on the settlement with Hungary. However, the dualist Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was established in 1867 without the knowledge or consent of representatives of the other, mainly Slavic countries. This meant the rejection of all plans for national or historical and legal federalism. This meant the beginning of a definitive division between "ruling" peoples and "subject" peoples within the Monarchy, culminating in its break-up in 1918 and the subsequent formation of many countries, including Czechoslovakia.

The educational trail was constructed in 2009 by the Committee for the Preservation of Sights of the 1866 War, in collaboration with the villages of Mimoň, Osečná, Ralsko, Rokytá, Klášter Hradiště nad Jizerou, Mnichovo Hradiště and Boseň.

Mnichovo Hradiste

Mnichovo Hradiště


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